Key Points:

Bio-oil and bio-crude can be used:

  • directly as bio-energy carriers (commercialized)
  • directly as a product (commercialized)
  • as intermediates to make advanced fuels
  • as a source of bio-chemicals

Bio-oil and Bio-crude can be used directly as a substitute fuel oil or diesel in many static applications including boilers, furnaces, engines and turbines for heat and power generation.  They can also be used as intermediates to form advanced fuels or chemicals.  Various options are represented in the figure.  Current commercial activities are in heat and power or food flavoring.  Other activities are subjects of research and development.

Click on the links below to discover more about the following applications: