- Bio-oils and bio-crudes are rich sources of a variety of bio-based chemicals and products
- Chemicals AND fuels should come from biomass if we are to replace petroleum
- In 2018, some bio-oil derived chemicals mature and established, some are considered emerging
- Bio-based materials and chemicals are integral to enabling the economics of biofuels in a bio-refinery
- PyNe 41: Mullen on co-products; Rover on phenolic oils; Elkasabi on co-product coke; Brown on fractional condensation.
- PyNe 40: Sandstrom/Johansson on fractional condensation.
- PyNe 39: Feng/Meier on supercritical CO2 extraction of products; Sanna on compounds from catalytic pyrolysis;
- Red Arrow: Food flavoring
- Avello: Bio-asphalt binder
- VTT: Renewable chemicals
- btg-btl: Materials and chemicals
Materials and Products
In addition to fuels, bio-oil can also be a source of renewable chemical products and materials. The separation of components as products has been considered an important potential use , but actual commercial application has not been achieved. Separation of bio-oil fractions has been investigated widely and a number of leading opportunities are discussed here. The single chemical product commercially recovered from bio-oil is smoke flavourings, which have been produced and recovered since the 1990s by the Red Arrow Products Company LLC in Wisconsin, USA using the fast pyrolysis technology of Ensyn .
Click on the relevant links below for information on each topic:
- Food Flavoring (Smoke)
- Asphalt substitute or Biotumen
 Radlein, D. The Production of Chemicals from Fast Pyrolysis Bio-oils in Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass: A Handbook, pp. 164-188. CPL Press, Newbury, UK, 1999.